Stretching and rest is the best nonsurgical treatment for plantar fasciitis and can reduce the risk of recurrence. Your doctor may suggest a series of exercises that can you do at home to stretch your Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. Applying ice to the sore area for 20 minutes three or four times a day can also provide relief of your symptoms. Your doctor may also prescribe a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
About 90 percent of people with plantar fasciitis improve significantly after two months of initial treatment. You may be advised to use shoes with shock-absorbing soles or fitted with an off-the-shelf shoe insert device like a rubber heel pad. Your foot may be taped into a specific position.
If your plantar fasciitis continues after a few months of conservative treatment, your doctor may inject your heel with steroidal anti-inflammatory medication.
Your doctor may consider surgery if nonsurgical treatment has not helped and heel pain is restricting your daily activities. One surgical option is plantar fascia release, which involves cutting part of the plantar fascia ligament in order to release tension and relieve inflammation.