Pain Relief with Occipital Nerve Block – South Florida Orthopaedics
Occipital nerve injections (also called nerve blocks) are minimally-invasive, state-of-the-art pain management techniques to block the pain signals sent from the for occipital nerves (nerves in the skull/head). When the pain management specialist inhibits or blocks the signal, patients will no longer experience the chronic discomfort they were feeling prior to starting pain management treatment.
Pain relief with occipital nerve blocks can last for several months, depending on the patient. Common conditions treated with an occipital nerve block may include:
- Chronic migraine
- Episodic migraine
- Tension-type headaches
- Occipital neuralgia
The block is generally administered via an injection intended to reduce inflammation and swelling of the tissue around the occipital nerves. These nerves provide sensation to the back of the head, to the top of the head and behind the ears.
There are two occipital nerves that may be causing pain:
Greater Occipital Nerve. Found at the top of the spinal cord through the scalp, the nerves are located deep within the muscles surrounding the spine and neck.
Lesser Occipital Nerve. Originating from the second and third cervical nerve roots, the lesser occipital nerve travels through the muscles near the cervical spine and becomes superficial over the inferior nuchal line of the skull.