Hip Labral Tear Repair Patient – South Florida Orthopaedics
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a condition in which extra bone grows along one or both of the bones that forms the hip joint, ultimately giving the bones an irregular shape and inhibiting full range of motion. Once the bone growth occurs, the bones do not fit together perfectly and therefore rub against one another during movement; and this friction ultimately damages the joint, causing pain and limiting activity.
The rate at which hip impingement occurs among people isn’t known, but young and middle-aged athletes are at higher risk for developing pain associated with FAI and labral tears. Athletes involved in running, tennis, soccer, volleyball, golf and dancing are most likely to experience the injury which includes symptoms such as:
- Pain, particularly in the groin after after the hip has been flexed or in the lower back
- A locking or clicking sensation within the joint
- The inability to flex the hip beyond a right angle
In the past, many of these injuries went undiagnosed and untreated, but thanks to new techniques used by a select group of surgeons, including Anthony J. Cerminara, MD, FAAOS a board certified orthopaedic surgeon and sports medicine specialist at South Florida Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, physicians are able to successfully treat the injury today.
There are 3 different types of FAI:
- Pincer – A pincer impingement occurs because the extra bone extends out beyond the normal rim of the acetabulum. The prominent rim of the acetabulum can crush the labrum.
- Cam – A cam impingement mean the femoral head is not round and cannot rotate smoothly inside the acetabulum. This causes a bump to form on the edge of the femoral head that grinds the cartilage inside the acetabulum.
- Combined – Combined impingement happens when both pincer and cam types of FAI are present
The cause of FAI typically stems from the bones of the hip not forming normally during childhood growth years, and although people with FAI can go through their lives without problems, active individuals tend to experience pain earlier due to working the hip joint more vigorously.